- Why are the Andes so high?
- How old is Andes?
- Is Andes a fold mountain?
- Are the Andes still growing?
- How much do the Andes grow each year?
- What is the highest point in the Andes Mountains?
- What countries are in the Andes?
- Are Andes Mountains dry?
- What type of rocks are found in the Andes Mountains?
- Are taller mountains older or younger?
- Are the Andes higher than the Rockies?
- What does Andes mean?
- Are the Rocky Mountains and Andes connected?
- Does anyone live in the Andes Mountains?
- What is the longest mountain range in the world?
- What two plates made the Andes Mountains?
- What is happening to the Andes Mountains?
- Which is the driest place on the South American continent?
Why are the Andes so high?
Other theories have been advanced for why the Andes are unusually high.
Researchers have suggested it is because there are no rivers to wash sediments into the trench between this subducting plate and the continent, creating an unlubricated zone with extra friction to prop up the mountains..
How old is Andes?
50 million yearsThe Andes Mountains were created over 50 million years ago, when the South American and Pacific tectonic plates collided.
Is Andes a fold mountain?
The rugged, soaring heights of the Himalayas, Andes, and Alps are all active fold mountains. The Himalayas stretch through the borders of China, Bhutan, Nepal, India, and Pakistan. … The Andes are mostly being folded and uplifted from the thicker, less-dense rocks of the South American plate.
Are the Andes still growing?
For millions of years the Andes grew slowly. Then all of a sudden, 10 – 6 million years ago things changed. Geologists at the University of Rochester in NY, led by professor Carmala Garzione, revealed that in the last 4 million years the Andes grew by as much as 2,500 meters. … What’s more,the Andes are still active.
How much do the Andes grow each year?
About 0.3 inches of motion per year crumples South America, building the Andes. “The Andes were a prime target for us, because along with the Himalayas, they are the highest and broadest mountain range that is actively building now,” Stein said. “This is an enormously seismically-prone area.
What is the highest point in the Andes Mountains?
What countries are in the Andes?
Are Andes Mountains dry?
Another thing about the Andes Mountain climate is that the temperature changes drastically when you move to a neighboring country, such as from Colombia to Ecuador. In Colombia it rains often, but in Ecuador it is usually dry. The climate is split up in many different zones.
What type of rocks are found in the Andes Mountains?
Andesite derives its name from the Andes Mountains of South America. In the Andes it occurs as lava flows interbedded with ash and tuff deposits on the steep flanks of stratovolcanoes.
Are taller mountains older or younger?
Young mountains, created several dozen million years ago, have steep slopes and high-pointed peaks. The youngest mountains, also the highest in the world, are within the Himalayas massif in Asia. Old mountains, in contrast, have rounded peaks and slopes made gentler by hundreds of millions of years of erosion.
Are the Andes higher than the Rockies?
The highest point in the Rockies is Mt. Elbert, in Colorado, which reaches a height of 14,431ft (4,399 m). … The Andes are the longest mountain range in the world, covering over 4,300 mi (7,000 km) in length! The Rocky Mountains are located in North America.
What does Andes mean?
Wiktionary. Andes(ProperNoun) A mountain range in western South America.
Are the Rocky Mountains and Andes connected?
Answer and Explanation: The Rocky Mountains and Andes Mountains are not connected to one another.
Does anyone live in the Andes Mountains?
From Patagonia to the southern limits of the Bolivian Altiplano, the Andes are sparsely populated; a few small groups of shepherds and farmers live on the lower slopes and vegas of the cordillera.
What is the longest mountain range in the world?
mid-ocean ridgeThe mid-ocean ridge is the longest mountain range on Earth. The mid-ocean range stretches around the globe like the seam of a baseball. The longest mountain range on Earth is called the mid-ocean ridge. Spanning 40,389 miles around the globe, it’s truly a global landmark.
What two plates made the Andes Mountains?
The Andes are the result of tectonic plate processes, caused by the subduction of oceanic crust beneath the South American Plate. It is the result of a convergent plate boundary between the Nazca Plate and the South American Plate.
What is happening to the Andes Mountains?
The Andes were formed by tectonic activity whereby earth is uplifted as one plate (oceanic crust) subducts under another plate (continental crust). To get such a high mountain chain in a subduction zone setting is unusual which adds to the importance of trying to figure out when and how it happened.
Which is the driest place on the South American continent?
Atacama DesertSouth America is a continent of extremes. It is home to the world’s largest river (the Amazon) as well as the world’s driest place (the Atacama Desert).